Part 3 of this five-part series describes how to trigger an oscilloscope so it displays a signal the way you want, and how the oscilloscope’s inputs are isolated.
You can think of oscilloscope triggering as capturing a series of photo “snapshots” that are then printed on clear transparencies.
Acquiring a signal
As each transparency is acquired and placed one on top of the preceding one, a picture of the signal is built. However, if the pictures aren’t placed correctly, the image doesn’t look right, as shown below.
An untriggered signal can appear distorted
By choosing a point on the input signal to use as a trigger (“T” volts in the image below), the “snapshot” images can be displayed at the right time and in the right location, giving a stable and useful waveform display.
An oscilloscope uses several techniques to “trigger” or synchronize the display.
Edge triggering set to trigger the display at voltage “T”
Pulse width triggering triggers the display only when both voltage level and time interval conditions are met
Connect & View automatically and continuously analyses an unknown signal to adjust the scope’s vertical, horizontal, and trigger settings to give you a stable display automatically.
Trace Display Update
The trace display update can be controlled, the typical choices are:
Single shot triggering captures a single view and then freezes the display.
Fluke ScopeMeter test tools have insulated BNC input connectors and isolated power adapters that provide a safe means to float the oscilloscope input above earth ground reference.
Both input Channel A reference and Channel B reference are isolated from earth ground. On some Fluke ScopeMeter models (such as the 196C, 199C, 215C, and the 225C) the input A reference and input B reference are also electrically isolated from each other, making it possible to perform differential measurements without the need for an external differential amplifier or specialized accessory.
ScopeMeter input connectors are insulated to help protect against electric shock, with an input power adapter that is isolated from earth ground, allowing you to take floating measurements.
A typical bench oscilloscope input reference and chassis are electrically tied to earth ground to protect against electrical shock. To be safe, all exposed metal conductors (chassis and BNC connectors) are tied to earth ground. Connecting the bench scope reference input directly to anything other than earth ground can present an unsafe condition to the user. Specialized scope differential input probes are required to measure a voltage floating relative to earth ground reference.
A typical bench oscilloscope uses metal BNC connectors and metal chassis components, which can potentially expose the user to hazardous voltages.
A bench scope’s input channel references cannot be connected to two different voltages. Furthermore, the reference points must be connected to earth ground at the circuit under test, otherwise you could inadvertently create a short circuit through the mains earth ground connection.
The ScopeMeter 120 series input references are tied together, while the 19XC/2X5C series input reference is electrically isolated providing the optimum solution for troubleshooting differential signals. Again, with the Fluke ScopeMeter the reference point can be connected to a voltage other than earth ground, safely floating the oscilloscope.
Of course, it is very important that you read and understand the user instructions, specifications, and safety warnings for any oscilloscope before you use it.
The concepts and techniques presented here can be explored with the entire range of Fluke portable oscilloscopes. Available in bandwidths from 20 MHz to 200 MHz, Fluke ScopeMeters have the performance and features to tackle a wide variety of measurements, from routine troubleshooting to demanding tasks like finding random events. Fluke oscilloscopes are specifically designed to operate in harsh environments - out of the lab away from a bench.