Electrical Safety Training Program Essentials | Fluke

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Identify the key elements of an effective safety training program
 

Safety training program essentials

In its recent publication, Standards for Electrical Safety in the Workplace, the NFPA increased the training requirements for electrical workers. When combined with existing OSHA regulations, formulating an effective safety training program can get confusing. The following table outlines the essential elements of the NFPA, OSHA, and CSA electrical safety training requirements. For a more comprehensive discussion and presentation of safety training, please refer to the relevant regulatory agency’s publications.

SUMMARY TABLE OF OSHA, NFPA, CSA electrical safety training requirements

  • Training is required for qualified and unqualified persons
  • A qualified person is anyone exposed to or potentially exposed to electrical hazards, including any voltage above 50 Vac or dc
  • Training is required to establish an understanding of the worker’s and their employer’s responsibilities for electrical safety
  • Training must be such that attendees are able to identify and avoid electrical hazards
  • Initial training must have a method to immediately respond to questions from the attendees and have a hands-on portion to establish proficiency
  • Trainees may not have a formal education in areas relating to electrical safety
  • Training is to be effective, site-specific and cover the hazards of that location
  • Computer-based and video training can be used to augment instructor-led training, but cannot replace it for initial training.
  • Qualified persons must have training in and demonstrate skills and knowledge of electrical equipment and power systems:
  • Basic construction of the equipment and power systems
  • The manufacturer’s recommended operating procedures, including the use of any specialized tools or attachments
    • The hazards associated with operating the equipment or power systems
  • Qualified person training must receive training in:
    • Skills and techniques to test for the presence and absence of voltage
    • Skills and techniques to determine nominal (phase-to-phase) voltage of the electrical power system
    • Safe approach distances for electrical shock and arc flash
    • Perform safety job planning
    • Assess the risk associated with a specific job task
    • Select the appropriate methods from a hierarchy of controls, including PPE
    • Safety-related work practices and procedures to perform the job task safely
    • How to identify and understand the relationship between electrical hazards and injury
    • How to select the correct test instrument, how to inspect it, how to safely use it, what it’s limitations of use are, and interpret the indications.
    • How to select, inspect, wear and store shock and arc protective clothing and PPE
  • Annual training is required for contact release. First aid, AED and CPR training are required at intervals that satisfy the certifying body
  • AED Training is only required if there are AED’s on site
  • Even unqualified persons must have training in: How to recognize and avoid electrical hazards they may encounter
    • How to recognize and avoid electrical hazards they may encounter
    • What hazards are associated with the use of such equipment
    • What PPE may be required and when to use it
    • How to inspect, maintain, and store electrical PPE
    • The limitations of PPE
    • The importance and restrictions for entering areas that have exposed energized electrical conductors or circuit parts, including safety barriers, warning signs and attendants

For more information on Electrical Safety, see our online course available at the Fluke eLearning Center.

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For more information on Electrical Safety, see our online course available at the Fluke eLearning Center.